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APA Style - How to Cite Anything in APA Format

Notes about APA Style:
The APA citation style is a style of referencing, primarily used in the social sciences, to cite information sources.

Writing Tips for APA

Your paper should be typed, double-spaced with 1" margins on all sides. APA recommends using 12 pt Times New Roman font for your paper.

Include a running head at the top of every page. To make a running head, insert page numbers on the top right, include the title of your paper in the header to the top left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot be longer than 50 characters.

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APA Style Overview

Works Cited lists are created to allow readers to locate original sources themselves. Each citation in a works list includes various pieces of information including the:

  1. Name of the author(s)
  2. Year published
  3. Title
  4. City published
  5. Publisher
  6. Pages used
Generally, APA citations follow this format:

Author Last name, F.I. (Year Published). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

  • Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last name.
  • If there are multiple sources by the same author, then citations are listed in order by the date of publication.
  • Only the first letter of the first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized
  • A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in your citation.

APA Citations for Books with One Author

Structure:

Author Last name, F.I. (Year Published). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Example:

Dickens, C. (1942). Great expectations.

Don’t forget, Citation Machine allows you to generate APA citations for books quickly and accurately.

APA Citations for Books with Two or More Authors

When citing a book with two or more authors, place the names in the order in which they appear on the source. Structure:

Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title (Secondary Contributors). Location: Publisher.

Examples:

Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. (2008). The race between education and technology.

Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums.

APA Citations for Chapters in Edited Books

When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Print:

Last name, First initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher.

Example for Print:

De Abreu, B.S. (2001). The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and social networking (pp. 39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, LLC.

Structure for Online:

Last name, First initial. (Year published). Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). doi: xxxxx or Retrieved from URL

Example for Online:

Lobo, Raul F. (2003). Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology(pp.

Don’t forget, Citation Machine allows you to generate APA citations for chapters quickly and accurately.

APA Citations for Multiple Works By The Same Author

If you have multiple works by the same author, place the citations in order by the year of publication, with the earliest date first. Example:

Coelho, P. (1993). The alchemist.

Coelho, P. (2004). Eleven minutes.

Coelho, P. (2011). Aleph.

APA Citations for Print Journal Articles

Structure:

Author Last name, F.I. (Year Published). Title of article . Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue),

Example:

Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013). The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review 15(3),

Don’t forget, Citation Machine allows you to generate APA citations for journal articles quickly and accurately.

APA Citations for Journal Articles Found on a Database or on a Website

  • If your source is found online, but there is no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead
    • A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in your citation rather than including a URL.
  • Unlike previous editions of APA, the 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources. A retrieval date is only necessary if the source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used.
Structure:

Author Last name, F.I. (Year Published). Title of article . Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue),

Example:

Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009). Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326(5951),

Don’t forget, Citation Machine allows you to generate APA citations for journals quickly and accurately.

APA Citations for Print Newspaper Articles

Structure:

Author, F.I. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article. Title of Newspaper,page

Example:

Frost, L. (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune,A2.

Don’t forget, Citation Machine allows you to generate APA newspaper citations quickly and accurately.

APA Citations for Newspaper Articles Found on a Database or a Website

You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database. Notes: This information is NOT required for the citation.
  • URL: If the URL runs onto a second line, do NOT break it up (except for punctuations)
  • Page numbers: If article is only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’
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