Examples of Prepositions: Description, Types & More
If this is your first time hearing the term "preposition," you may wonder why you should study examples of this word type. After all, prepositions, also called connecting words here, are common, short, and easy to remember. So why put so much focus on them? Well, the better you understand them, the easier it becomes to communicate your thoughts. If you need to learn the basics of connecting words, quickly visit this page.
In fact, connecting words make it easy to create complex sentences that connect one point with another. In addition, you're able to provide your audience with important background information by including connecting words, verbs, and nouns in your sentences. Here are a few sample sentences showing how the right connecting words give the reader key info.
|ORIGINAL||WITH CONNECTING WORDS|
|School is cancelled.||School is cancelled on Friday for the parade.|
|She hid.||She hid under the blankets to scare her twin brother.|
|Ted fled.||Ted fled to Miami on a yacht.|
Each sentence that contains at least one connecting word helps you to better understand the situation. It makes you feel like the sentences without connecting words aren't providing the full scenario. That's why this part of speech is important for both writing and speaking. Now that you understand why connecting words are so valuable, let's look at the various categories. You'll begin with time preposition examples.
Time Connecting Words
On is one of the most common time connecting words. You can use it to discuss days of the week.
- What did you do on Friday? I didn't see you at the party.
- Well, on Thursday night I came down with the flu. I was still sick on Friday, so my mom wouldn't let me leave the house.
In American English, you also use on to discuss the weekend and vacations.
- I like going to the beach on weekends during summer. What do you like to do on summer weekends, George?
- You haven't been on vacation in over three years? You need a break!
In is another common time connecting word. Use it to talk about a period of time.
- I have my swimming lesson in the morning tomorrow.
- My dad went to the rooftop Beatles concert in the winter of 1969.
At is a connecting word you use to describe what happens at a particular hour or time of day.
- Did you remember we have a date at 7:00pm? Be sure not to forget!
- I can't believe I'm jogging home this late at night.
You also use at in place of on when discussing the weekend in British English.
- In London you say, "What did you do at the weekend."
Place Connecting Words
On, in, and at are place preposition examples. However, instead of explaining when something will happen like time connecting words do, place words tells us where something is. For a quick intro to place connecting words, see this for further reading.
There are many reasons why you would use the word on when showing the placement of one thing in connection to another thing. First, you can use it to explain when something is on top of something else.
- Sure, you can borrow my pencil. It's on the bookshelf.
Second, on works when one thing is attached to something else.
- I only keep the finest paintings on my wall. Nothing else will do.
Third, you use on to describe placement.
- The bathroom is upstairs and on your right.
- I'm on the fourth floor of a New York walkup.
Finally, on describes different methods of travel.
- Henry is fearful when he flies on a plane.
- That's true, but I love riding on trains!
In has fewer uses while acting as place connecting word. Basically, you use it to describe when something is inside another thing.
- I can't talk right now, I'm in the car.
- Where am I traveling now? I'm currently in Egypt.
- Cynthia got to the final level in her favorite video game.
The place word at shows the specific location of something.
- She met her friends at the ice skating rink.
You use at to describe where certain events take place.
- She did such a great job at the bodybuilding competition.
- They host a festival every year at the waterfront.
At also describes where you do typical activities.
- I'm at work right now.
- They're both at the beach right now.
Different Varieties of Connecting Words
Simple Preposition Examples
Of and by are just a few simple connecting words. How do you use each one in a sentence?
Of can either show possession or express an amount.
- She’s a friend of Sally’s.
- I would like a half pound of french fries please.
By explains who has done something.
- My favorite book was written by R.L. Stine.
- That song by Taylor is incredibly catchy.
Examples of Prepositions: The Double Connecting Words
Take two simple connecting words and combine them to get double connecting words such as onto and into. Onto expresses movement to a certain place.
- I got onto the train to begin my trip.
- He went onto the dock to catch some fish.
You go into something when you travel inside or toward the center of that thing.
- I’m getting into the pool. Are you joining?
Examples of Prepositions: The Compound Connecting Words
Sometimes multiple words form compound connecting words. Take the words thanks to and regardless of, for instance. Thanks to means the same as “because of.”
- I’m attending Harvard next semester thanks to my generous scholarships.
Regardless of means in spite of something, or without considering it.
- He doesn’t always wear a helmet, regardless of the fact he could injure himself skating.
Examples of Prepositions: The Gerund Connecting Words
Some connecting words are gerunds, which are verbs ending in -ing like during and excluding. During explains when something happens.
- Some people didn’t enroll in the army during the Civil War.
Excluding means to not include someone.
- We all ate pizza, excluding Dave, because he’s gluten intolerant.
Phrasal Preposition Example
Some phrases also work as connecting words. You might be familiar with as well as or with the exception of. You use as well as to include something.
- I’m headed to Prague as well as Budapest this summer.
With the exception of excludes something.
- We all ate salad, with the exception of Dave, because he’s on the strict carnivore diet.
Examples of Preposition for Agent and Instrument
When someone creates something, they are the agent of that thing. You already know the word by from earlier. With and without also fit in this group.
With includes. Without excludes.
- He’s creating this painting with his mentors.
- She’s making pasta without any help.
Now that you have studied a few preposition examples, practice creating your own sentences with them. You’ll find that you use these words often to add detail in both speech and writing.