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MLA works cited

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Works cited are entries in the list that give full details of the sources to help the reader spot them for easy access.

Formatting

Placement

It is placed at the end of the paper.

Page margins

Each of the left, right, top, and bottom margins takes one inch.

Running head

The running head to be used is “Surname Page No.” Write it at the top right of the page. Leave 0.5 inches of space from the top.

Font

The ideal font to be used is Times New Roman, as it is clear to read. The font size should be 12 points.

Entries

All entries are given double-space. Provide a hanging indent of 0.5 inches for the second and subsequent lines of the entries.

Title

Align the title to the center. Formatting, such as bold, italics, or underline should not be given. The title should read “Works Cited.”

Arranging works-cited list

The entries in the works-cited list are arranged according to the guidelines given below:

  • The surname of the first author decides the placement of an entry. They are arranged alphabetically.
  • The title is considered for arrangement if there is no author for an entry. Consider the main words of a title for alphabetical sorting. Exclude any articles (a, an, the).
  • Any space between words is ignored while arranging the entries alphabetically.
  • Works by one author

If you need to arrange works of the same author, include the author’s name only in the first entry. Use three em dashes in other entries.

Butler, Marilyn. Jane Austen and the War of Ideas. Clarendon P, 1975.

———. “General Introduction.” Novels and Selected Works of Maria Edgeworth. Pickering & Chatto, 1999.

Works by two authors

For two or more works by the same first author, sort the entries as per the second author’s surname.

Cixous, Hélène, and Catherine Clément. “Sorties.” The Newly Born Woman. U of Minnesota P, 1986.

Cixous, Hélène, and Jacques Derrida. “From the Word to Life.” White Ink: Interviews on Sex, Text, and Politics. Routledge, 2008.

Works by one or more authors with the same first author

Arrange by single author’s works first. Include entries with the same first author and other authors as per the alphabetical arrangement of the second author’s surname.

Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. Columbia UP, 1994.

———. “How Do We Recognise Structuralism?” Desert Islands and Other Texts. MIT P, 2004.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. Proust and Signs. U of Minnesota P, 2003.

———. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minnesota UP, 1987.

Deleuze, Gilles, et al. The Logic of Sense. Columbia UP, 1990.

Works by titles

Use the title for arrangement only if the author name is not given:

“Art. IV. Rural Sketches.” Eclectic Review, 1839, pp. 69–82.

Two or more works have the same single author

Clare, John. The Letters of John Clare. Clarendon P, 1985.

———. The Rural Muse. Whittaker & Co, 1835.

Two or more works have the same first author and coauthor

Davidoff, Leonore, and Catherine Hall. Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780–1850. U of Chicago P, 1987.

———. Thicker Than Water: Siblings and Their Relations, 1780–1920. Oxford UP.

Two or more works have the same first author followed by et al.

Dinshaw, Carolyn. Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Post-modern. Durham: Duke UP, 1999.

———. “Theorizing Queer Temporalities: A Roundtable Discussion.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, vol. 13, nos. 2–3, 2007, pp. 177–95.

Examples of works-cited-list entries

Below are a few examples of different types of works-cited-list entries along with their templates. The examples given are for one author.

Book

Template:

Surname, First name Middle initial. Title of the Book. Publisher, Publication Date. Page range.

Example:

Butler, Marilyn. Maria Edgeworth: A Literary Biography. Clarendon P, 1972.

Journal article

Template:

Surname, First name. “Title of the Article.” Journal Title, Volume, Issue, Publication Date, Page range.

Example:

Brown, Bill. “Thing Theory.” Critical Enquiry, vol. 28, no. 1, 2001, pp. 1–22.

Webpage of a website

Template:

Author or Organization Name. “Title of the Webpage.” Website Name. Publication Date, URL.

Example:

Cardiff, Janet. “Paradise Institute.” Cardiff & Miller. 25 July 2019, www.cardiffmiller.com/artworks/inst/paradise_institute.html.

YouTube video

Template:

“Title of the Video.” YouTube, uploaded by Uploader’s Name, Day Month Year, URL.

Example:

“Queerantine History: The Story of Stormé DeLarverie .” YouTube, uploaded by Betches, 6 June 2020, www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTAEVaQLfR0

Works cited entries for different numbers of authors

Journal article examples with different numbers of authors are given below.

One author

Template:

Surname, First name. “Title of the Article.” Journal Title, Volume, Issue, Publication Date, Page range.

Example:

MacGill, Belinda. “Craft, Relational Aesthetics, and Ethics of Care.” Art/Research International: A Transdisciplinary Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, 2019, pp. 426–29.

Two authors

Template:

Author Surname, First name Middle initial., and First name Surname. “Title of the Article.” Journal Title, Volume, Issue, Publication Date, Page range.

Example:

Mack, Ashley Noel, and Tiara R. Na’Puti. “‘Our Bodies Are Not Terra Nullius’: Building a Decolonial Feminist Resistance to Gendered Violence.” Women’s Studies in Communication, 2019, pp. 1–24.

More than two authors

Template:

Author Surname, First name, et al. “Title of the Article.” Journal Title, Volume, Issue, Publication Date, Page range.

Example:

Pedersen, Mikkel W., et al. “Postglacial Viability and Colonization in North America’s Ice-Free Corridor.” Nature, vol. 537, no. 7618, 2016, pp. 45–49.

Example works cited

Butler, Marilyn. Jane Austen and the War of Ideas. Clarendon P, 1975.

———. “General Introduction.” Novels and Selected Works of Maria Edgeworth. Pickering & Chatto, 1999.

Cixous, Hélène, and Catherine Clément. “Sorties.” The Newly Born Woman. U of Minnesota P, 1986.

Cixous, Hélène, and Jacques Derrida. “From the Word to Life.” White Ink: Interviews on Sex, Text, and Politics. Routledge, 2008.

Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. Columbia UP, 1994.

———. “How Do We Recognise Structuralism?” Desert Islands and Other Texts. MIT P, 2004.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. Proust and Signs. U of Minnesota P, 2003.

———. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minnesota UP, 1987.

Deleuze, Gilles, et al. The Logic of Sense. Columbia UP, 1990.


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