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Trending Topics: Halloween Edition 


The leaves are changing color, costumes are on sale everywhere, and it’s October. Halloween is coming!

In celebration, we looked at last October’s (10/03/2018-11/07/2019) most cited websites and selected a few topics to get you into the spooky spirit. 

Remember, if you use any of the sources listed in your paper, add a citation (both in-text and in your bibliography) in order to avoid plagiarism.

Halloween History

Halloween finds its roots in the ancient festival of Samhain, which was celebrated by the Celts 2,000 years ago. November 1 was considered the end of summer and the start of the dark days of winter. The Celts believed that the day before this, October 31, was a time when the veil between worlds became thing and ghosts could return to earth. To ward off trouble from these visiting spirits, the Celts built bonfires, wore costumes, and conducted sacrifices. 

Read the article below to see how civilization went from bonfires and sacrifices to bobbing for apples and trick-or-treating.

“Halloween 2019.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 18 Oct. 2019, www.history.com/topics/halloween/history-of-halloween.

Include an APA, MLA, or Chicago citation  for the source above  — and any other source you’ve included in your paper — with help from Citation Machine! 

Salem Witch Trials

The Salem Witch Trials have captured the imagination of the public for decades. What did these “supposed” witches do? Was actual witchcraft involved? What proved someone was guilty of being a witch? How long did this go on? Why did it finally end?

Find the answers to these questions and more in this highly cited article: 

“A Brief History of the Salem Witch Trials.” Smithsonian.com, 23 Oct. 2007, www.smithsonianmag.com/history/a-brief-history-of-the-salem-witch-trials-175162489/.

You know what else is spooky? Being called out for accidental plagiarism! Avoid this by including parenthetical citations in the text and full references in your bibliography.

Black Death

Death is a major theme in Halloween. That might explain why articles on the Black Death appeared on our most cited websites list for October.

The setup of the Black Death sounds like something out of a horror film: people covered in mysterious and painful oozing black boils, a highly contagious disease with no cure, and the resulting deaths of over 20 million people. Learning more about the Black Death will both horrify and intrigue you.

“Black Death,” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 6 Jun. 2010, www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/black-death.

“Black Death: The Greatest Catastrophe Ever,” History Today, 3 Mar. 2005, www.historytoday.com/ole-j-benedictow/black-death-greatest-catastrophe-ever.

Edgar Allen Poe

There’s nothing like a good scary story on Halloween. If you’re into classics, then you must become familiar with Edgar Allen Poe. Poe is known for his mysterious poetry and stories. His most famous works include “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The Raven.” Despite his talents and fame, Poe had a hard life full of personal, health, and financial struggles. Perhaps that is where his inspiration came from.

“Edgar Allen Poe.” Biography, A&E Television Networks, 28 Aug. 2019, www.biography.com/people/edgar-allan-poe-9443160

Brush up on your grammar with the Citation Machine grammar guides. They cover topics like what are verbs, how to define pronoun, irregular plural nouns, and much more!

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