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MLA Style - How to Cite Anything in MLA Format

Notes about MLA Style: MLA is a style of referencing, primarily used in humanities, especially in the writing of language and literature. It is used by numerous other disciplines and

MLA Style Overview

Works Cited lists are generally included in research to allow readers to locate sources themselves. The following pieces are included in an MLA citation:
  1. Name of the author(s)
  2. Title
  3. City published
  4. Publisher
  5. Year published
  6. Pages used
  7. Medium
Generally, MLA citations follow this format:

Last name, First name Middle Initial. Title. City: Publisher, Year.

  • Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name.
  • If there are multiple sources by the same author, citations are listed in alphabetical order by the title of the work.
  • According to the MLA Handbook, a URL is not required for web sources. However, some instructors will ask for it to be included. Consult with your teacher for clarification.

MLA Citations for Books with One Author

Structure:

Last, First M. Book City: Publisher, Year Published. Medium.

Example:

Collins, Suzanne.The Hunger Games. New York: Scholastic, 2008. Print.

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MLA Citations for Books with Two or More Authors

  • When citing a book with two or more authors, place the names in the order in which they appear on the source.
  • Only the first author’s name is reversed (last name, first name). Any additional authors are listed in normal form (first name, last name).
  • Place a comma after the first author’s name followed by the word"and"
Structure:

Last, First, M., and First M. Last. Title.

Example:

Clifton, Mark, and Frank Riley. The Forever Machine.

MLA Citations for Chapters in Edited Books

When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the following format: Structure for Print:

Last, First, M. “Chapter Title.” Book/Anthology.

Example for Print:

Khan, Maryam. "Co-branding in the Restaurant Industry." Managing Tourism and Hospitality Services: Theory and International Application.

Structure for Online:

Last, First M. “Chapter Title.” Book/Anthology.

Example for Online:

Koran, Johan. "The School Library Media Practicum as Service Education." Service Learning: Linking Library Education and Practice.

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MLA Citations for Print Journal Articles

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume.Issue (Year Published):Page-Page. Print. Example:

Zak, Elizabeth. "Do You Believe In Magic? Exploring The Conceptualization Of Augmented Reality And Its Implications For The User In The Field Of Library And Information Science." Information Technology & Libraries.

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MLA Citations for Journal Articles Found on a Database or on a Website

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume.Issue (Year Published):Page(s). Database Name Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Example:

Zanetti, Francois. "Curing with Machine: Medical Electricity in Eighteenth-Century Paris." Technology and Culture 54.3 (2013): 503-530. >Health Reference Center Academic.

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MLA Citations for Print Newspaper Articles

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [City] Date Month Year Published: Page(s) Print

Example:

Bloomgarden-Smoke, Kara. "Medium Cool." New York Observer 2 Mar. 2015: 14-17. Print.

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MLA Citations for Newspaper Articles Found on a Website

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title Date Month Year Published: Page(s). Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed. Example:

Baker, Peter, and Randal C. Archibold. "U.S. to Relax Limits on Cuba Travel, Opening Door to Commercial Flights."New York Times: 16 Jan. 2015: A6. New York State Newspapers.

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MLA Citations for Print Magazine Articles

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Magazine Title Date Month Year Published: Page(s). Print.

Example:

Fleming, Alexandra Rockey. "Losing Jason." Good Housekeeping Jan. 2015: 37+ Print.

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MLA Citations for Magazine Articles Found on a Database

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Magazine Title Date Month Year Published: Page(s).Database Title. Web. Day Month Year Accessed.

Example:

Connors, Claire. "On top of the world." Shape Jan.-Feb. 2015: 26-28. Popular Magazines .

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MLA Citations for Magazine Articles Found on a Website

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Magazine Title Date Month Year Published: Page(s). Website Title.

Example:

Derr, Aaron “Surf’s Up.” Boy’s Life May 2009: 20-25. Google Books. Web. 8 August 2014.

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MLA Citations for Websites

Structure:

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Website Title.

Example:

Rothfeld, Lindsay. "Smarter Education: The Rise of Big Data in the Classroom." Mashable.

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MLA Citations for eBooks found on Databases

Structure:

Last, First M. Book Title.

Example:

Howard, Tharon W. Design to Thrive: Creating Social Networks and Online Communities That Last. EBSCO. Web. 22 February 2015.

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MLA Citations for TV or Radio

If you are having difficulty in finding the Producer, Writer, and Director of a show, check out? IMDB, Structure:

Writer Last, First M. “Show/Episode Title.” Program Series Name.

Example:

Levitan, Steven, and Christopher Lloyd, prods. "Three Turkeys." Modern Family.

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MLA Citations for DVD, Video, and Film

If you are having difficulty in finding the Producer, Writer, and Director of a show, check out IMDB, Structure:

Title. Contributors. Distributor, Year of release. Medium viewed.

Example:

Home Alone. Dir. Chris Columbus. Prod. John Hughes. Perf. Macaulay Culkin and Joe Pesci. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 1990. DVD.

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MLA Citations for Print Encyclopedia Articles

Structure:

Last, First M., and First M. Last. “Article Title.” >Encyclopedia Name. Example:

“Donkeys.” World Book Encyclopedia.

MLA Citations for Interviews

Structure:

Interviewee Last, First M. “Interview Title.” Interview by First M Last. Magazine Title Date Mo. Year: start page–end page. Print.

Example:

Rule, Ja. "The Return of Ja Rule." Interview by Margena A. Christian. JET 5 Nov. 2007: 48. Print.

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MLA Citations for Blogs

Blog posts can be standard web blogs, audio blogs, or video blogs. In the citation, state the type of blog post. Structure:

Last name, First name M. “Title of Post.” Type of blog post. Website/Blog Title.

Example:

Kirschenbaum, Michele. “Tips to Make Your Library Shine on Back to School Night.” Web blog post. Party in the Library! Edublogs, 16 Sept. 2014. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

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