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Form Glossary

Annotation

Additional notes or comments. For citations, annotations usually include a brief description of the content and what you think of it.

    Date Accessed

    Date (day, month, and/or year) the source was accessed or viewed online.

      Electronically Published

      When the source was electronically published. Sometimes, the date is not readily available.

        Place of Publication

        Name of the city, state or country where the publisher of a source is located. For written sources, this can usually be found on the title page. It is not always required, depending on the style.

          Publisher or Sponsor

          The organization, company, individual, or other entity that published, sponsored, or issued the content.

            Suffix

            In the citation forms, this refers to any additions to the end of a name that tells us more information about the contributor. Examples: Jr., Sr., II, III, Esq., etc.

              Title

              What a source is called or its name. In the absence of a title, some styles may ask for a summary of the source.

                URL

                The address of a web page. URL is short for Uniform Resource Locator. Example: www.citationmachine.net

                  Medium

                  Way the content or information is communicated, shared, or published. Below are examples for two source types.

                  • E-book: Other: PDF, JPEG file, Powerpoint, etc.
                  • Painting/Artwork: Graphite on paper, Marble, Oil on canvas, etc.

                  Contributor

                  Person or organization that assisted in creating content, a performance, or a resource. Examples include a translator, book editor, screenwriter, singer, etc.

                    Author

                    Someone who was the originator and creator of content. An author is usually tied to written content (e.g. book, article, play, etc.), but sometimes relates to a digital image, comic, or podcast.

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                      Citation Machine® uses the 8th ed. of MLA, 7th ed. of APA, and 17th ed. of Chicago (9th ed. Turabian).