Due to USDA regulations, foods today come with extensive labels. If you’re working on a project that requires information about nutrition, the back of a label is a good place to start—but even labels needs to be properly cited when used in an academic setting.
Luckily, there are only a few things you need to know in order to correctly cite a label in the MLA, APA or Chicago/Turabian styles.
See below for how to cite food labels generally in MLA formatting, APA style, and Chicago/Turabian style, as well as to see a specific example. We’ve cited a label off a milk carton here, but this same structure goes for any sort of food product, whether the item is fresh from the produce section, or processed and off the shelf.
To properly cite a food label, locate the following pieces of information:
- Manufacturer’s Name
- Type of label
- The product/Product Name
- City and State of Manufacture
- Year Manufactured
Use the following structure to cite a food label in MLA 8:
“Nutrition Label of [Product Name].” Manufacturer, City, State of Manufacture, Year.
Here’s how the above example would be cited in MLA format:
“Nutrition Label of Vitamin D Milk.” Queensboro Farm Products, Inc., Woodside, NY, 2017.
Use the following structure to cite a food label in APA:
Nutrition label of [Product]. (Year). Manufacturer, City, State.
Here’s how the above example would look like as an APA citation:
Nutrition label of Vitamin D Milk. (2017). Queensboro Farm Products, Inc., New York, NY.
Use the following structure to cite a food label in Chicago/Turabian:
Product Name. Nutrition Label. Manufacturer, City, State, Year.
Here’s how the above example would be cited in Chicago/Turabian:
Vitamin D Milk. Nutrition Label. Queensboro Farm Products, Inc., New York, NY, 2017.